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Muscle Pain and Myalgia

Myalgia is a general term used to describe the symptom of muscle pain accompanying many different kinds of disorders and diseases. Commonly used to indicate the overuse and ensuing strain of muscles, myalgia can also refer to muscle pain due to viral infections, a vaccination response, chronic fatigue syndrome or nutritional deficiencies.

Repetitive strain injuries such as those experienced by athletes or vigorous exercisers represent forms of myalgia. Tendonitis, ankle sprains and pulled leg muscles are considered myalgia conditions. Autoimmune disorders such as lupus, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis contain diagnoses of myalgia in addition to other symptoms. Myalgia is found with metabolic defects as well. Hypo- and hyperthyroidism are the most common metabolic defects causing muscle pain that is technically referred to as myalgia.

Other non-inflammatory conditions promoting the development of myalgia that are not directly related to a certain disease or disorder include:
Mental and emotional stress
Lack of sleep
Cold, damp weather
Withdrawal from certain medications (especially antidepressants, anxiolytics and pain medications)
Insect bites

Testing for Myalgia
To determine whether myalgia is the result of physical trauma or disease, doctors will conduct tests on patients who have myalgia that remains unresponsive to traditional treatments. Muscle tone is examined by having the patient perform resistance and range-of-motion exercises. Palpating the affected area can detect abnormal spasms or fluid accumulation. For advanced cases of myalgia, a physician may inspect the posture, gait and reflexes of a patient who appears to be experiencing severe stiffness.

A complete blood count is usually ordered, along with electrolyte and hormone level testing and various serological tests. Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rates are indicative of an infection and/or inflammation, while serological tests can determine a connective tissue disease. Urine tests are utilized to screen for a muscle tissue breakdown disease called myoglobinuria, which causes extreme pain and stiffness.

Treatment for Myalgia
Treatment plans depend on what is causing the muscle pain. Sports and exercise injuries will benefit from apply ice or resting the affected area until the pain and swelling subsides. Ateevia Botanica can provide the convenience of a safe and natural cream formulated with naturally, pain-relieving plant extracts to soothe inflammation of a strained muscle.

Mylagia caused by more serious conditions may need a more holistic approach that involves prescription medications and a pain management plan devised by a qualified physician. In cases of chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia, using heat instead of cold may be more beneficial to easing pain and stiffness in addition to regularly performing stretching exercises. Some people also find relief from myalgia through acupuncture and therapeutic massage therapy.

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